Our sinuses are comprised of a connected system of hollow cavities within the skull. Most sinus areas are quite small, with the exception of the maxillary sinuses in the cheekbones. Here is some additional information that you may find helpful reading through the article:
– Sinuses are pairs – one on each side of our head, in close proximity to the nose.
– Maxillary sinuses are the largest and are located in the cheekbones.
– Ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes.
– Sphenoid sinuses are located within bones behind the nose.
– Sinuses are normally empty except for a thin layer of mucus.
– Lining the sinuses are a thin, soft, pink tissue called mucosa.
Interestingly, those that study the anatomy are uncertain as to why it is that we have sinuses. There are, however, two predominant theories: (1) they aid in the humidification of breathing, and (2) they aid in voice enhancement.
Aside from a number of sinus conditions that cause congestion, such as sinusitis, congestion of the sinuses is a prevalent, but acute, condition. Sinus congestion is defined as: “the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels.” Other terms used are: nasal blockage, blocked nose, stuffy nose, plugged nose and nasal obstruction.
Nearly everyone has experienced sinus congestion at one point, and nearly everyone can agree on this: it is painful, annoying and uncomfortable. The condition can interfere with speech, hearing and sleep. In severe (rare) cases, sinus congestion requires surgery to correct. Children in particular are susceptible to complications that may require removal of the adenoids and tonsils, and may manifest into problems later in life.
The most common causes of nasal congestion are allergies, cold, flu, and sinus infection. These conditions are ones that are most often able to be corrected through alternative home remedies, such as the one that we will discuss below.